Nieuws Wit-Rusland

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Speciale rapporteur van OHCHR (VN Mensenrechten) Miklós Haraszti voor Belarus maakt zich grote zorgen over de persvrijheid in Wit-Rusland. Op de website van de OHCHR is op 10 augustus 2018 de volgende verklaring gepubliceerd.

A wave of raids and arbitrary arrests targeting independent publishers and journalists in Belarus highlights oppressive new rules against internet media in the country, says the UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Belarus, Miklós Haraszti.

“This action is aimed at obliterating the remnants of journalistic independence in Belarus, and follows oppressive new laws passed in June against independent internet media,” Haraszti said.

On 7 and 8 August, the authorities searched premises and blocked the operation of several independent media outlets, among them the online portal Tut.by, and the only independent news agency in Belarus, BelaPAN.

At least 18 journalists were arrested, including the Tut.by Editor-in-Chief, Maryna Zolatava, and journalists Ulyiana Babayed, Hanna Kaltyhina and Halina Ulasik. Belapan reporter Tatsyana Karavyanka was also detained. Employees of the media outlets were denied access to their offices.

The searches and arrests were prompted by an alleged violation of the Penal Code, which criminalises illegal access to computer information which may cause significant harm. The new rules introduce liability for not obtaining state licences for any web activities, and not identifying all users, including those on social media.

“What we are seeing is the sadly customary bogus criminalization of independent journalists. This may simply be a case of journalists occasionally using each other’s passwords to access the news service of the State-owned BelTA news agency.

“The allegation of ‘significant harm’ is disingenuous, given that BelTA is amply financed by taxpayers and not even a fraction of its revenues comes from subscriptions,” the Special Rapporteur said.

Haraszti expressed particular concern about the arrest of Ms. Karavyanka, who has regularly reported on the Special Rapporteur’s own findings, and has closely followed the concerns of UN human rights mechanisms regarding the situation in Belarus. 

“Silencing the last resources enabling Belarusians to learn about the UN’s human rights concerns is especially egregious given the Government’s claim of cooperation with the UN,” Haraszti said.

“It is also a blatant violation of the country’s obligation not to oppress its citizens for cooperating with the UN.

“In the sixth year of my mandate, the human rights situation in Belarus is actually getting worse. International vigilance must now be extended to the fate of those who keep the public informed,”  Haraszti concluded.

De onafhankelijke vakbond REP staat onder zware druk. Igor Komlik is begin augustus 2017 gearresteerd en Henadz Fyadynich wordt vervolgd door het openbaar ministerie.

Na brieven van de ITUC heeft de ILO op 6 september 2017 van zich laten horen door een brief te overhandigen aan de ambassadeur van Belarus in Zwitserland met de eis Ihar Komlik vrij te laten en de zaak tegen hem en Henadz Fyadynich te laten vallen.

 

Ihar Komlik

 

Henadz Fyadynich

Meer informatie klik hier.

Via LabourStart kan de actie voor de REP worden ondersteund: klik hier.

Op 20 juli 2016 is de vooraanstaande Wit-Russische journalist Pavel Sheremet in Kiev bij een aanslag om het leven gekomen. Wereldnieuws, zelfs in deze tijd. Over daders en motieven is het nog steeds speculeren. De autoriteiten van Oekraïne nemen de zaak serieus, ook omdat een van de motieven de destabilisatie van de Oekraïne zou kunnen zijn. Volgens sommigen zelfs de meest waarschijnlijke. In Wit-Rusland kon Pavel Sheremet al lang niet meer werken. Met Pavel Sheremet verliezen we een onafhankelijke geest en uitstekend journalist. Onze gedachten zijn bij de nabestaanden.

 

Amnesty International noemt in een verklaring van 20 juli 2016 de aanslag op Pavel Sheremet een aanval op de vrijheid van meningsuiting:

“This attack on a journalist is a heinous crime and the ultimate violation of the freedom to expression. Pavel Sheremet’s killing must be thoroughly, impartially and independently investigated and those who are responsible must be brought to justice in a fair trial,” says Denis Krivosheev, Deputy Director for Europe and Central Asia at Amnesty International. “We call for better protection of journalists in Ukraine that has sad record of violence committed against media workers.”

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